Thursday, 30 March 2017
News with tag Human  RSS
North Korea crimes to be documented for prosecution someday: U.N.

Added: 26.03.2017 9:25 | 0 views | 0 comments


By Stephanie Nebehay GENEVA (Reuters) - The United Nations' top human rights body agreed on Friday to widen its investigation into widespread violations in North Korea with a view to documenting alleged crimes against humanity for future prosecution. North Korea said it "categorically and totally" rejected the resolution adopted by the U.N. Human Rights Council. The text was "a product of the U.S. hostile policy toward the DPRK (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) from A to Z," its envoy said after boycotting the debate.

[Perspective] Genes, environment, and “bad luck”

Added: 26.03.2017 8:26 | 0 views | 0 comments

It is a human trait to search for explanations for catastrophic events and rule out mere “chance” or “bad luck.” When it comes to human cancer, the issue of natural causes versus bad luck was raised by Tomasetti and Vogelstein about 2 years ago (1). Their study, which was widely misinterpreted as saying that most cancers are due neither to genetic inheritance nor environmental factors but simply bad luck, sparked controversy. To date, a few hundred papers have been written in response, including (2–6), with some [e.g., (2)] coming to opposite conclusions. What is this controversy about? Tomasetti and Vogelstein concluded that 65% of the differences in the risk of certain cancers is linked to stem cell divisions in the various cancerous tissues examined (1). On page 1330 of this issue, Tomasetti et al. (7) provide further evidence that this is not specific to the United States. Authors: Martin A. Nowak, Bartlomiej Waclaw

[Policy Forum] A roadmap for rapid decarbonization

Added: 26.03.2017 8:26 | 0 views | 0 comments

Although the Paris Agreement's goals (1) are aligned with science (2) and can, in principle, be technically and economically achieved (3), alarming inconsistencies remain between science-based targets and national commitments. Despite progress during the 2016 Marrakech climate negotiations, long-term goals can be trumped by political short-termism. Following the Agreement, which became international law earlier than expected, several countries published mid-century decarbonization strategies, with more due soon. Model-based decarbonization assessments (4) and scenarios often struggle to capture transformative change and the dynamics associated with it: disruption, innovation, and nonlinear change in human behavior. For example, in just 2 years, China's coal use swung from 3.7% growth in 2013 to a decline of 3.7% in 2015 (5). To harness these dynamics and to calibrate for short-term realpolitik, we propose framing the decarbonization challenge in terms of a global decadal roadmap based on a simple heuristic—a “carbon law”—of halving gross anthropogenic carbon-dioxide (CO2) emissions every decade. Complemented by immediately instigated, scalable carbon removal and efforts to ramp down land-use CO2 emissions, this can lead to net-zero emissions around mid-century, a path necessary to limit warming to well below 2°C. Authors: Johan Rockström, Owen Gaffney, Joeri Rogelj, Malte Meinshausen, Nebojsa Nakicenovic, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber

[Report] Stem cell divisions, somatic mutations, cancer etiology, and cancer prevention

Added: 26.03.2017 8:26 | 0 views | 0 comments

Cancers are caused by mutations that may be inherited, induced by environmental factors, or result from DNA replication errors (R). We studied the relationship between the number of normal stem cell divisions and the risk of 17 cancer types in 69 countries throughout the world. The data revealed a strong correlation (median = 0.80) between cancer incidence and normal stem cell divisions in all countries, regardless of their environment. The major role of R mutations in cancer etiology was supported by an independent approach, based solely on cancer genome sequencing and epidemiological data, which suggested that R mutations are responsible for two-thirds of the mutations in human cancers. All of these results are consistent with epidemiological estimates of the fraction of cancers that can be prevented by changes in the environment. Moreover, they accentuate the importance of early detection and intervention to reduce deaths from the many cancers arising from unavoidable R mutations. Authors: Cristian Tomasetti, Lu Li, Bert Vogelstein

Machines v hackers

Added: 26.03.2017 8:23 | 0 views | 0 comments

Security could increasingly rely on smart machines that spot cyber threats rather than on humans.

From: www.bbc.co.uk

Uber Suspends Self-Driving Car Program After Ariz. Crash

Added: 26.03.2017 4:59 | 0 views | 0 comments

The crash in Tempe occurred after a second car driven by a human failed to yield to the Uber vehicle, Tempe police said.

From: www.nbcnews.com

Inkle's space archaeologist adventure won't tell you if your lost language translations are wrong

Added: 25.03.2017 11:00 | 0 views | 0 comments


“The game isn’t going to tell you if you got that right.” It’s an ominous way to start a game demo, but one I’m not too surprised by after playing and
Heaven’s Vault is Inkle’s new game, and I met up with studio co-founders Jon Ingold and Joseph Humfrey recently to get some hands-on time. At first glance it’s a huge step away from Inkle’s previous games—where 80 Days and Sorcery mostly played out in text, Heaven’s Vault features fully navigable 3D environments.

Erdogan's tussle with Europe, The shame of the world, Regional support for Venezuela is vital, Scotland's place in the United Kingdom, US reengagement in the Middle East

Added: 25.03.2017 10:00 | 1 views | 0 comments


“It is a matter of grave concern that, according to a UN estimate, twenty million people are facing starvation in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and Nigeria...," states an editorial. "It is indeed disturbing to note that man-made disasters like war and famine continue to bleed nations while international politics fails to come to a consensus on how to reach a stasis in parts of the Middle East, Northeast Nigeria and vast swathes of Somalia.... We urge the international community to infuse immediate aid to these four war-torn and famine ravaged countries.... It is indeed appalling that in this era of globalisation and scientific breakthroughs, fellow human beings should die of hunger.... The shame is on us all.

Inside the GOP’s Health Care Debacle

Added: 25.03.2017 1:39 | 0 views | 0 comments

Eighteen days that shook the Republican Party—and humbled a president.

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